Harm reduction is a set of practical interventions directed at reducing negative consequences associated with drug use, including transmission of HIV.
An overwhelming body of evidence shows that these harm reduction approaches reduce the health, social and economic harms of drug use to individuals, communities and societies, and they do not cause increases in drug use.
However human rights violations usually anchored in personal views and values lead to systematic stigma and discrimination preventing their access to health care, harm reduction and legal services.
Kenya estimates indicate 18,327 People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) in Kenya whom attribute to 3.8% of new HIV infections. PWID have a HIV prevalence of about 18% compared to an average of 5.6% (3 times) in the general population.
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